The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations. A key element of the Fourteen Points was the principle of self-determination, which the Germans thought that the same principle would be applied to their country, and it would remain a united nation.
The new states of eastern Europe mostly all had large ethnic minorities. The government headed by Philipp Scheidemann was unable to agree on a common position, and Scheidemann himself resigned rather than agree to sign the treaty. Germany was given two choices: He had seen the north-east corner of France destroyed and he determined that Germany should never be allowed to do this again.
China requested at least the formal restoration of its territory of Jiaozhou Bayunder German colonial control since This did happen even if Germany was initially excluded from it.
Austria signed the Treaty of Saint Germain. Communist and socialist movements around the world drew strength from this theory, enjoying a level of popularity they had never known before.
Land had to be handed over the Poland, France, Belgium and Denmark.
Some are found by farmers ploughing their fields and have been called the iron harvest. Japan was granted all German possessions in the Pacific north of the equator and those south of the equator went to Australia, except for German Samoawhich was taken by New Zealand.
They signed the Treaty as in reality they had no choice. Bulgaria had to sign the Treaty of Neuilly. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles The treaty can be divided into a number of sections; territorial, military, financial and general.
This they started to do in Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
Germany, as she was responsible for starting the war as stated in clausewas, therefore responsible for all the war damage caused by the First World War.
All overseas colonies were to be handed over to the League.
When the German government asked U. Flanders in Belgium had been all but destroyed with the ancient city of Ypres being devastated. The former happened in the sense that Germany signed the Treaty which meant that she accepted this term on paper — if not in fact.
The treaty laid down the organisation of the divisions and support units, and the General Staff was to be dissolved. In Germany, nationalists including the Nazis believed that much of this work was degenerate and undermined the cohesion of society as well as dishonoring the dead.
Germany also lost its colonies and large merchant vessels. It is erroneous to place the full burden of the war on Germany, "Belief in the unique guilt of the Kaiser for the horrors of the World War was unanimous" Birdsall, 4.
The dissolution of the Ottoman Empire became a pivotal milestone in the creation of the modern Middle East, the result of which bore witness to the creation of new conflicts and hostilities in the region. A League of Nations was set up to keep world peace.
Close to seven million German citizens were placed under the jurisdiction of a foreign nation: Irish Free State approximately five-sixths of the island gained independence from the United Kingdom but still part of the British Empire Italy: An enlarged Poland also received some of this land.
If he had come across as being soft on Germany, he would have been speedily voted out of office. The first instance of refusal to pay reparations came in when Hitler announced that Germany would not pay — and the Allies did nothing.
Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria. It was the acknowledgement of defeat, as much as the treaty terms themselves, which they found so hard to accept" Henig, Submariners were trained abroad — Versailles did not cover this, so it did not break the terms of Versailles — only the spirit.
The Austro-Hungarian and German concessions in Tianjin were placed under the administration of the Chinese government; in they occupied the Russian area as well.
China[ edit ] The Republic of China had been one of the Allies; during the war, it had sent thousands of labourers to France. These countries were Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. In one last gesture of defiance, the captured German naval force held at Scapa Flow north of Scotland scuttled itself i.
These works had a strong impact on society, causing a great deal of controversy and highlighting conflicting interpretations of the war.The short term effects of the Treaty of Versailles is that Germany had to accept guilt for starting the war, was forced to pay Allies reparations, lost land, and had to reduce the size of it military.
The League of Nations was created to settle disputes between countries before military conflict. Note 12/15/ See the updated version of this page! (since the Article image is a top google result, Prof.
Marcuse spruced up this page in ). Signing of the Versailles Treaty. by Carlos Magana (authors page), Dec.
World War I ended in with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in the Hall of Mirrors.
The Versailles Treaty, signed on June 28, in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles in Paris, was the peace settlement between Germany and. The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by forcing them to pay war reparations, admit culpability for the start of the war, and cede territory.
The Treaty of Versailles also required Germany to. The Treaty of Versailles stripped Germany of a considerable amount of territory, slashed the size of the German armed forces, and imposed massive reparations payments on the postwar German government.
Signed on June 28th, as an end to the First World War, The Treaty of Versailles was supposed to ensure a lasting peace by punishing Germany and setting up a League of Nations to solve diplomatic problems.
Instead, it left a legacy of political and geographical difficulties which have often been blamed, sometimes solely, for starting the Second World War.Download